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Mobilität von Lehrlingen in Europa

Das europäische Netzwerk zur Förderung, Implementierung und Verbesserung der Lernmobilität von Lehrlingen

 

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ERASMUS+ report 2014

Publiée le Montag 14 März 2016
KA1 – Learning Mobility of Individuals
Mobility actions remained the highest priority with 66% the Erasmus+ budget or EUR 1,2 billion
allocated to those actions. In line with the overall flat budget, the number of applications remained
stable compared to the previous programmes and in 2014, around 500,000 young people studied,
were trained, volunteered or participated in youth-exchanges abroad. 150,000 staff members of
educational institutions and youth organisations also got the opportunity to improve their
competencies by teaching and training abroad.

Additionally, some 180 Erasmus Mundus Masters Degrees/ Joint Doctorates, which had initially
been funded under the LLP programme were also financed under KA1, as well as 11 new Erasmus Mundus Joint Masters Degrees.

In higher education, results show that mobilities are of higher quality and higher impact than
previously and use a strengthened quality framework.

In the school, VET and adult education fields, an important change was the institutional approach
to mobility. The participating organisations and not the individual participant anymore now apply
for funding. They must submit a European Development Plan, outlining how the planned activities
will contribute to their strategic development. This change was overall well perceived in all fields.
In the youth field, youth exchanges remained as successful as in the past and mobility of youth
workers saw a large increase due to its simplified format. Overall, all projects addressed very well
the objectives of the Youth Chapter.

In KA1, financial support to people with special needs, fewer opportunities, from a disadvantaged
background or from remote areas is now foreseen in most fields. In 2014, over 6,000 participants
will special needs and over 47,000 young people with fewer opportunities benefitted from those
top-up grants.

Furthermore, the On-line Linguistic Support (OLS) was also introduced to promote language
learning and linguistic diversity. It allowed 126,000 participants to assess their knowledge of the
language in which they will work or study. 45% followed and OLS language course afterwards.
Finally, the launch of the Erasmus+ master loans aiming at providing access to loans on favourable terms for students following a Master's programme in another country, initially foreseen for 2014,was postponed to February 2015 as the delegation agreement with the EIF could only be signedend of December.

KA2 – Cooperation for Innovation and the Exchange of good Practises
Under Key Action 2, Strategic Partnerships continued and further encouraged the cross sectorial
activities of the previous LLP. Over 1,700 projects, involving around 10,000 organisations and
160,000 participants in learning, teaching and training (LTT) activities and 13,000 more in
transnational cooperation activities received support (EUR 345.96 million) for enhancing the labour
market relevance of education and training systems and for tackling the skills gaps Europe is
facing. Over three quarters of the projects are producing intellectual outputs and in LTTs,
preference is given to short term learning, training and teaching activities (65% of the projects).
Promoting this new action was quite a challenge for the NAs, with the new rules and provisions.
Nevertheless, the high demand of high quality demonstrates the interest across all fields. This,
combined with the limited budget, results in a rather low success rate (18%) so far.
Also, some concerns were raised about the proportionality principle applied during the selection
process as the number of organisations selected might not be sufficient to create a real impact on the field. This comment was taken into account in the preparation of the 2015 and 2016 calls.
In addition to the strategic partnerships, 79 Capacity Building cooperation projects with youth
organisations in partner countries were financed in 2014, aiming at helping the modernisation and
internationalisation of their youth systems. As heading 4 funds were not yet available, higher
education projects or international credit mobility could not be financed in 2014.

Furthermore, following two pilot calls in 2012 and one call under LLP in 2013, the
interest for Knowledge Alliances was extremely high in 2014 leading to very strong competition
for funding. A total budget of EUR 8.4 million was granted to 10 projects (4% success rate)
bringing businesses and higher education institutions together to develop new ways of creating,
producing and sharing knowledge.
Finally, the new action Sector Skills Alliances was launched in 2014 under KA2. In 2014, 6
transnational projects for designing and delivering joint vocational training curricula were awarded
a total amount of EUR 4.8 million. However, the evaluation revealed that many applicants had not
yet understood the new concept, underestimating the importance of the right mix in the
composition of the Alliance. The 2015 Programme Guide provided clarifications to applicants to helpunderstanding in future calls.

KA3 – Support to Policy Reform
European Policy experimentations are a new trans-national cooperation action aiming at
testing innovative measures through rigorous evaluation methods. The first call in 2014 was very
successful and resulted in the selection of 8 projects having a 3-year duration for a total of EUR
13.2 million.
Cooperation with international organisations was pursued in particular with the OECD on
country analysis and with the Council of Europe in the field of Human rights/citizenship education,
of youth participation, citizenship and social inclusion and of dialogue between with Roma
communities and mainstream society.

Under KA3, several other actions also contributed to stakeholder dialogue and policy
promotion: the ET&Y Forum, support to YFJ, support 99 to EU NGOs and EU-wide networks active in the field of education and training or youth and structured dialogue in the field of youth. The later benefitted in decentralised mode of a the new simplified grants format but saw a decrease number of grants (221 instead of 447) due to a lower budget available (EUR 5.9 million)
Networks (i.e. SALTOs, Eurodesks, EQF,EQVET, EQAVET, NARIC,etc.) continued to support the
programme and policy implementation in various sectors.

Under the action National Authorities for Apprenticeships, 10 projects were financed (EUR 2.2
million) aiming at encouraging the development of high-quality apprenticeship-type training and
excellence in work-based learning in VET, through partnerships with other relevant stakeholders.
Finally, IT platforms such as eTwinning, the European Platform for Adult Learning (EPALE) or the
European Youth Portal, and the VALOR project dissemination platform were further developed
and used to facilitate the communication within and about the programme and promote the
dissemination of its results.