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Mobility of apprentices in Europe

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Mobility Trends

Published Tuesday 24 July 2012
Significant trends and developments in European VET mobility 
  • The numbers of participants from the target group has been rising annually from 2005 to 2010. However, 2011 has experienced a slight decrease, due to the economic recession and cuts in funding.
  • The ESF has in the period 2007-12 become a significant funding source for mobility, with a specific focus on what has been termed “disadvantaged youth” (or “young people with fewer opportunities”).
  •  “Employability” is increasingly being cited as the most important learning objective of transnational mobility. Hand in hand with this, work placements have become more popular as a mode of mobility (vis-à-vis e.g. school stays, study tours and other types of peer encounters).
  • There is an increasing understanding of the “engineering” of mobility projects – how it works as a pedagogical tool. Yet very few mobility schemes and projects work with detailed quality management systems to ensure consistent quality in delivery and outcomes.
  • There is apparently as yet only little uptake of European instruments for recognition and documentation of knowledge, skills and competences acquired through participation in mobility activities.
  • Trends in enterprise involvement in learning mobility are mixed: Large enterprises are cutting down on internal schemes to send apprentices abroad in times of economic recession. Smaller enterprises may be stepping up their involvement. More enterprises are involved as placement hosts for learners abroad. 

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