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The VET training system in Spain
The Spanish education system is regulated by the Organic Law on Education which regulates the whole education system other than university.
The administrative framework of VET in Spain is as follows, in each of its three subsystems: the responsibility for initial vocational training lies with the education authorities (Ministry of Education, Social Policy and Sport - MESPS), and has been transferred to the authorities of the 17 Autonomous Community (AC); the responsibility for vocational training for the unemployed lies with the Ministry of Labour and Immigration (MLI) and has been transferred to all the AC except the Basque Country. Concerning the continuing training, the administration is made jointly between central government (MLI) and the social partners through the Tripartite Foundation for Training in Employment (FTFE).
Basic information about mobility of apprentices in Spain
Who is concerned?
The target groups for mobility are people in Initial or Continuing VET.
IVET learners always keep their status of student in all three existing levels (primary, secondary and tertiary – the last one being part of higher education). IVET in Spain is non-compulsory education, and people in this group are aged 16 or older.
IVET learners can be considered apprentices in as much as they need to complete a compulsory work placement of approximately 20% of the total number of hours in the qualification ; as opposed to other Spanish regions, in Catalonia the work placement can be carried out either simultaneously with school activities, or with exclusivity during the last term.