Basic information about mobility of apprentices in Poland
Who is concerned ?
In the Polish education system, apprenticeship training appears as a special type of vocational education and training. It exists mainly in the craft sectors.
The Polish law does not provide a national definition of the apprenticeship system however the Labour Code states certain conditions and requirements concerning the status of young workers. Young workers are of age 16-18, because it is forbidden to employ a person below the age of 16. They must have fulfilled compulsory school.
The basis of this kind of employment is constituted in the contract between the employer and a young worker. And employment of young workers is considered as fulfilling the obligation of learning (lasting until the age of 18 and defined in the Constitution).
The learning of a profession is done on the basis of a work-contract, which means, that the apprentice gets salary and needs to have a social insurance. Learning of a profession lasts 2-3 years and during the process of learning, the apprentice has to learn also professional theory in the vocational school or in the non-school way.
How mobility of apprentices is organised?
Mobility during initial vocational training for apprentices needs to be approved by the employer. During the time abroad the sending company stays responsible and continues to pay the salary and social taxes. The apprentice remains in the Polish social insurance system.
Sources of funding?
Mobility programmes and initiatives :
- Leonardo da Vinci programmes
- Development and dissemination of national vocational qualifications standards
- Development of innovative VET curricula
- Developing the Nursing Sector in Europe
- Partnership of Eastern European cities – towards effective workers mobility
- "Catch a job" project
- European mobility Roadshows
Intermediate organisations and competent bodies involved in IVET mobility :
- Craft Chambers (members of Polish Craft Association) in all Polish regions
- VET Schools founded by craft organizations
- Groups/associations of IVET schools
- Volontary Labour Regiments
- Guild of Craftsmen and other entrepreneurs
- Education-Youth Associations